People with extreme and excessive obesity are frequently unable to be properly treated with diet and exercise alone. Such people may undergo bariatric surgery as a procedure to assist them in losing weight. Evidence suggests that bariatric surgery, especially when combined with a healthy diet and lifestyle modifications after surgery, may reduce death rates for people with severe obesity.
Bariatric and metabolic surgery are additional names for weight loss procedures. These phrases are employed to indicate how these procedures affect patients’ weight and metabolism health (breakdown of food into energy). These procedures are quite helpful in treating many other conditions in addition to obesity, including diabetes, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, and high cholesterol. Future health issues can also be avoided with these procedures. The advantages give obese people who opt to receive therapy the chance to live longer and with a higher quality of life.
The metabolic and bariatric procedures used today have been improved over many years and are some of the most well-researched medical procedures available. The use of minimally invasive surgical methods is carried out through tiny incisions (laparoscopic and robotic surgery). These developments make it possible for patients to experience a better overall outcome with less discomfort, fewer complications, shorter hospital stays, and a quicker recovery. These procedures are much less likely to cause complications than popular procedures like gallbladder removal, hysterectomy, and hip replacement.
These procedures aim to alter the stomach and intestines to address obesity and associated disorders. The procedures could reduce the size of the stomach and potentially skip a section of the intestine. This reduces the amount of food consumed and alters how the body uses food for energy, which increases feelings of fullness and decreases appetite. The body’s capacity to reach a healthy weight is enhanced by these methods.
Several different kinds of bariatric procedures can be done. An “open” approach to surgery, in which the belly is sliced open, is an option, as is laparoscopy, in which surgical tools are inserted into the abdomen through tiny, half-inch incisions. Nowadays, laparoscopic surgery is used for the majority of bariatric procedures because it is less invasive than open surgery, results in less tissue damage and fewer postoperative problems, and enables earlier hospital discharge.
There are four different operations available:
- Adjustable gastric banding (AGB)
- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)
- Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch (BPD-DS)
- Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG)
Each type of surgery has benefits and drawbacks, and different patient criteria, such as BMI, eating habits, health issues associated with obesity, and the number of prior stomach surgeries, influence the technique that is chosen. By weighing the advantages and disadvantages of each type of surgery, the patient and the practitioner should decide on the best course of action.
Postoperative and Surgical Risks
Why Choose Prakriya?
Prakriya offers cutting-edge technology, up-to-date knowledge, and experienced doctors to assist you at every step of the procedure. We are committed to keeping you happy!