Major trauma can lead to serious head, chest, abdominal and skeletal injuries. More than
half of major trauma is caused by road traffic accidents which can result in serious
disabilities and even death. Being situated on the National Highway, Prakriya Hospital is
geared up to handle these kind of injuries 24/7 with a team approach. Our multidisciplinary
Trauma team includes Emergency physicians, General surgeons, Orthopaedic surgeons,
Neurosurgeons, Plastic surgeons, Head and Neck team, ICU doctors and highly trained
In the recent times, we have seen an increase in the numbers of high velocity injuries. These patients need a team of well-trained doctors. Our trauma team consists of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Neuro surgeons, Plastic & Microvascular Surgeons, Maxillo facial Surgeons, General Surgeons & Anaesthesiologist to manage polytrauma patients.
Total joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which parts of an arthritic or damaged
joint is removed and replaced with a metal, plastic or ceramic device called Prosthesis.
The prosthesis is designed to replicate the movement of a pain free and healthy joint.
Hip and knee replacements are the most commonly performed joint replacements. Replacement surgery can be performed on other joints as well, including the ankle, wrist, shoulder and elbow.
We at Prakriya hospitals have highly trained professionals, who thrive to achieve excellent results of international standards with regard to Joint replacement surgeries.
Total knee replacement:
Patients with severely damaged Knee joints, suffering from severe pain, deformities or having difficulty in moving around are candidates for Total Knee replacement surgery.
We have Ultra clean operating rooms with laminar flow which are coupled with strict aseptic techniques. Our highly trained professionals achieve excellent results of International standards.
Total hip replacement:
Total Hip replacement is surgically replacing the damaged or deceased bone and cartilage with an artificial components in the Hip.
Other joint replacements like
Joints connect bones to each other and provide the body with agility and stability. Obesity,
misalignment, physical inactivity as well as sports injuries can lead to joint problems and
restricted movement. To address these problems, key hole procedures can be performed on
joints thanks to modern Arthroscopy techniques. Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive
procedure that allows surgeons to diagnose and treat joint injuries and disease through
small incisions in the skin.
Because it is minimally invasive, arthroscopy offers many benefits to the patient over traditional surgery:
Prakriya Hospitals provide comprehensive Spine care services with a dedicated team of
Our team includes :
This dedicated team will provide you with solutions for all your Spine related problems.
Conditions managed by us are :
The patient is at the centre of all our discussions. The treatment is a partnership between you and us. You are encouraged to discuss your diagnosis and all your treatment options with your Surgeon. This will ensure a satisfactory recovery for you and a satisfied patient for the treating clinician. Providing you with a world class facility in an emerging world class city like Bengaluru, is our aim.
The common conditions which we treat are lumbar disc prolapses, Lumbar Spinal stenosis,
Spinal cord compression, spine infection, Spine tumours, Cervical disc prolapses, cervical
nerve root compression, cervical spinal cord compression, spine fractures, spine
fracture-dislocations. Spinal conditions are quite to complex due to the involvement of
various different structures
We have a comprehensive diagnostic service to help diagnose your Spinal problems. The services available are x-rays, CT scan, MRI (planned), well equipped laboratory, Microbiology services and PET-CT.
Acute spine injury care is provided for all acute spinal problems including spinal trauma, infection, disc prolapses, spinal cord compression, cauda equina syndrome.
Chronic back pain care is provided by a group of specialists which includes Spinal Surgeon, Pain specialist, Exercise therapist, Physiotherapists, Yoga therapists, Dietician, Psychology services for pain coping strategies.
Spinal decompression and stabilisation are provided by our Spine surgeon, who is Fellowship trained in Spine Surgery. We use advanced microscopic techniques and advanced world class Spinal implants, to achieve global standards, for all of our patients.
Spine rehabilitation program is provided by a team of professionals like Spinal Physiotherapists, Yoga therapists, exercise specialists. We have a complete functional recovery program for back pain, to help you recover from your pain and help to get you on track to recovery.
Minimally invasive spine surgeries are beneficial for avoiding excessive muscle damage and in helping quicker recovery. These surgeries are done for those conditions in cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine, when they are beneficial. An operating microscopic is used for obtaining global standards of results.
Backpain can be due to a variety of reasons like spinal arthritis, muscle injury, wear-and-tear of spine, trauma, infection. A proper history of the problem and clinical examination is necessary to make the correct diagnosis. Specialised investigations like CT scan or MRI scan is sometimes necessary to make a definite diagnosis and plan a treatment. Assessment by a well-trained Clinician is important in making the right treatment plan.
Leg pain (Sciatica)
Sciatica usually develops from the compression or the irritation of a nerve in the spinal canal from a prolapsed disc. A clinical examination and MRI scan is usually needed to make the diagnosis. Once a diagnosis is made, a proper treatment plan can be made, which may sometimes involve surgery.
Spinal fractures can happen either due to high energy injury or in elderly patients due to weak bones. Many of the fractures will need to be stabilised with surgical implants and some can be treated with braces. The decision is based on specialised investigations like CT and MRI scan. A close follow up and Physiotherapy is usually needed to ensure a full and satisfactory recovery.
Spinal infections can develop due to infection spreading from bacteria in blood or due to lowering of immunity. A correct and timely diagnosis will ensure proper treatment, avoiding and long-term problems. The treatment sometimes needs antibiotics for many weeks to control severe infections.
This can develop due to incorrect posture, long hours of usage of smartphone/tablet, arthritis of neck vertebrae. Sometimes shoulder problems can also lead to neck pain, thereby making the right diagnosis becomes very important to get good relief. Sometimes treatment may involve making lifestyle changes, improving posture, strengthening neck muscles, specialist exercises or directed injections. In some situations, surgery either from the front or the back of the neck may be needed.
Arm pain/ Weakness
A prolapsed disc in the neck vertebrae can irritate the nerves coming out of the neck, causing arm pain or arm weakness or numbness in the arm. Due to the complex nature of the problem, intervention by a Specialist is important. A variety of options are available for treatment depending on the severity of the issue or the problems it is causing.
At times, a compression of the spinal cord in the neck or in the lower back can cause leg weakness. An MRI scan is the investigation of choice to make a correct diagnosis. Treatment options are tailored to the actual condition causing the issue.
In all Spinal conditions, the patient is at the centre of our decision making. The correct assessment, proper investigations and discussion of all treatment options is important. All the options of treatment, their risks and benefits and the long-term benefits will be discussed with you. This will enable you and your family to make an informed decision without being under any pressure, which is at the centre of all of our treatment.
We at Prakriya hospitals have a comprehensive Bone and Soft tissue Cancer care unit. The
team includes dedicated Orthopaedic Oncosurgeon, Medical and Radiation Oncologist supported
by Radiolodist, Pathologist and Rehabilitation team. We manage all types of benign and
malignant Musculoskeletal tumors in both children and adults.
We have the most comprehensive bone and soft tissue cancer care unit.
This includes management of:
The service is led by a specialist team of well trained doctors and nurses and incorporates
a designated children’s ward, outpatient clinics, therapists and children’s community
Specialist areas of treatment include:
The hand and wrist are very complex parts of the body and as a result a wide variety of problems may occur. We at Prakriya have dedicated and trained doctors and therapists who provide medical and surgical care together with rehabilitation services
The Department of Orthopaedic Surgery aims to provide world-class,
evidence-based treatment in all fields of Orthopaedic surgery including Trauma and Accident
surgery, Joint replacements, Arthroscopy, Spine surgery, Paediatric Orthopaedics, Sports
medicine and Orthopaedic Oncology.
At Prakriya Hospitals, We combine our expertise in the areas of patient-care, clinical research and academics in order to provide the highest level of specialised services to our patients. Our Orthopaedic Surgeons are trained at the top centres around the world and bring with them the latest and best techniques in terms of equipment, operating rooms, recovery areas and advanced physical therapy facilities.
We have well equipped Orthopaedic Operation theatres with laminar flow. Prakriya Hospitals is also equipped with image intensifier, operating microscope, computer navigation system and the best arthroscopy apparatus.
Our team of Anaesthesiologists and Orthopaedic Surgeons work together as a team to ensure that we provide the best Surgical care. A well trained team of physiotherapists and the latest equipment at our comprehensive fitness centre ensures that you are quickly back on your feet.
Prakriya Hospitals is a tertiary referral centre for trauma for the region. The unit provides Consultant level input to all the patients regardless of the severity of their injury. 24/7 availability of extensive inventory of instruments and implants, trauma surgeons and anesthesiologists makes it possible to perform all life and limb saving surgeries immediately without any delay.
The immediate response is called RICE
Ice (No heat)
Compression (wrap it)
Use ice in the acute stage of an injury (within the first 24 – 48 hours), or whenever swelling is showing. Ice helps to reduce inflammation and swelling by decreasing blood flow to the area that is injured. Apply ice indirectly (not directly on the skin) for 10 minutes, remove the ice for at least 20 minutes, and repeat as necessary.
Heat is used to increase blood flow, which helps promote pain relief after inflammation and swelling subside. Heat is also used to assist in warming muscles up prior to exercise, any physical activity, or physical therapy.
The word arthritis literally means "joint inflammation." Arthritis refers to a group of more than 90 rheumatic diseases and other conditions that cause pain, stiffness, and swelling in joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disease that damages the lining surrounding our joints while also destroying our bones, tissue, and joints over time. Osteoarthritis is a progressive condition that slowly damages the cartilage surrounding the ends of bones and is common in the hip, knee, or spine.
Bursitis is an inflammation of a bursa, which is a fluid-filled sac located around a joint. Bursitis causes a reduction in or a loss of motion at the affected joint. Bursitis typically occurs in the heel, hip, knee, shoulder, or thumb.
A tendon is a band of tissue that connects muscle to bone.
Is an inflammation or irritation of a tendon. Chronic strain, overuse or misuse of a tendon leading to a repetitive stress injury, lead to a weakness of the tendon tissue, resulting in pain and stiffness near the tendon. Tendonitis usually occurs in the elbow, hip, knee, shoulder, thumb, or wrist.
A fracture is a break in a bone. Fractures can occur in any bone in the body and are often the result of high force impact or stress.
A sprain is an injury of the ligaments, the rubber band like tissues that connect bones together. When the ligaments are stretched past their normal range of motion, the result can include swelling and severe pain.
In the low back, nerves join to form the sciatic nerve, which runs down into the leg and controls the leg muscles. Sciatica causes radiating pain, numbness, tingling, and/or muscle weakness in the leg but originates from nerve root impingement in the lower back. Nerve impingement is most often caused by a herniated disk or spinal stenosis.
The medial and lateral menisci (plural of meniscus) of the knee are two crescent moon-shaped discs of tough tissue that lie between the ends of the upper leg bone and lower leg bone that form the knee joint. Meniscus tears commonly occur during sports when the knee is twisted. In people over the age of 40 whose menisci are worn down, a tear might occur with normal movement or minimal activity.
A stress fracture is a microscopic crack in a bone that occurs from overuse. Muscles normally absorb the shock of physical activities, but when they become too fatigued to do so, they transfer the stress to the bones which results in a hairline-sized fracture.
Stress fractures usually develop in the weight bearing bones of the feet and lower legs.
Frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis) is a condition in which the tissues around the shoulder joint stiffen, scar tissue forms, and shoulder movements become difficult and painful. It can develop when you stop using the joint normally because of pain, other injury, or a chronic health condition, such as diabetes. Any shoulder problem can lead to frozen shoulder if you do not work to maintain its full range of motion.
The rotator cuff can become damaged or inflamed as in tendonitis in many ways. Overuse causes an irritation of rotator cuff, pinching or impingement can cause painful symptoms, untreated severe tendonitis can cause a partial or complete tear.
MRI may be necessary to assist in diagnosis. There are a number of conservative treatments which might include rest, cold and heat, medication, and in some instances physical therapy which assist in healing and strengthening.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the term used to describe a specific group of symptoms (tingling, numbness, weakness, or pain) in the fingers or hand. These symptoms occur when there is pressure on a nerve (median nerve) within the wrist (carpal tunnel). Carpal tunnel syndrome develops over time because of repetitive hand motions that damage muscle and bone in the wrist area.
Ligaments supporting the knee are tough fibrous tissue joining the upper & lower bones. Injuries are quite common, but if torn ligaments may not fully heal without help. Please consult your orthopaedic surgeon.
A bone density test is used to diagnose osteoporosis, which is a disease that causes weakening of the bones that can ultimately results in fractures. In the past, osteoporosis could only be detected after a person’s bone broke; however, by using a bone density test, it is possible to know one’s individual risk of breaking bones before one breaks.
Common areas that are tested using a bone density scan include the spine, hip, and forearm.
Corticosteroids, more commonly referred to as, cortisone, is a steroid that is produced in the body naturally. Synthetically produced cortisone can also be injected into soft tissues and joints to help decrease inflammation.
While cortisone is not a pain reliever, pain may diminish as a result of reduced inflammation. In orthopaedics, cortisone injections are commonly used as a treatment for chronic conditions
Most orthopaedic injuries and conditions are treated without surgery, using a range of treatments that include activity modification, physical therapy and medications. Surgery is an option for those conditions that do not alleviate symptoms.
The most common orthopaedic surgeries are:
A Day care surgery is a surgery that does not require the patient to stay in the hospital overnight; it is commonly known as an ambulatory surgery. Day care surgery has grown in popularity due to the improvement in technology.
Arthroscopic surgery is a surgical procedure that is commonly performed to diagnose and treat problems within the joint. By using high-tech cameras, the orthopaedic surgeon inserts a small instrument, called an arthroscope, into the joint.
The arthroscope contains a fiber optic light source and television camera that allow the surgeon to view the joint on a television monitor and diagnose the problem, determine the extent of injury, and make any necessary repairs.
Internal fixation is a treatment to hold pieces of a broken bone in the correct position with metal plates, pins, or screws while the bone is healing.
Joint replacement surgery is a surgical procedure that is performed to replace an arthritic or damaged joint with a new, artificial joint, called a prosthesis. Joint replacements most commonly performed in the knee, hip, shoulder, and elbow.
Joints contain cartilage, a soft, rubbery gel-like coating on the ends of bones, where they articulate, that protects joints and facilitates movement and over time, or if the joint has been injured, the cartilage wears away and the bones of the joint start rubbing together. As the bones rub together, bone spurs may form, and the joint becomes stiff and painful. Most people have joint replacement surgery when they can no longer control the pain with medication and other treatments and the pain is significantly interfering with their lives.